CO2 and Entertainment in Minneapolis and beyond12/10/2018Carbon dioxide (CO2) has been used in entertainment for a long time. The gas is cooled to a liquid to easily (and economically) create special effects like fog and haze. Most have seen haze effects at concerts to highlight a spotlight or on TV for cloud effects. Low-lying fog effects are achieved by using liquid CO2 that is typically stored in compressed cylinders. Low-lying fog is a result of the liquid CO2 being used to decrease the temperature on theatrical fog which results in a thicker fog that stays very low to the ground. Fog can also be created inexpensively by using dry ice. Technicians are able to boil water in large containers and then place 1-2 pieces of dry ice in those cylinders. Carbon Dioxide cannot be maintained in a liquid form in atmospheric pressure therefore, it instantly becomes a gas. Usually there is a fan at the top of the container to blow that gas into the desired direction for the fog effects. Liquid CO2 by itself can be used as an atmospheric fog in place of pyrotechnics in Minneapolis. This can be done by emitting liquid CO2 in the air via an electric solenoid valve. When the CO2 expands to a vapor and condenses moisture in the air, large clouds of gas are created. This method of fog creation is frequently used in magic acts since the CO2 vapor quickly dissolves once the solenoid valve is closed. The entertainment industry not only consumes ample amounts of CO2, but produces high levels of carbon emissions as well. This can be attributed to transportation, onsite generators and pyrotechnical effects that require the CO2 gas. Therefore the Producers Guild of America has created the Green Production Guide to lower carbon emissions on various film and TV production sets. Find out more about CO2 and its effects by contacting your local specialty gas provider Toll Company in Minneapolis.